15 Mart 2016 Salı

New Website / Yeni Websitesi

Hello! 

I am gonna be migrating content to my new website at www.alphan.net stay tuned!

Selam!
Yeni websiteme taşınıyorum; www.alphan.net. Bekleriz efendim!


13 Mart 2016 Pazar

Follow me on Twitter!

6 Kasım 2014 Perşembe

Necessary Links

I was here 4 years ago when NASA banned me from their forums “for sharing things that have nothing to do with their site”; talking about a forum entry that read “How to make a spacecraft.”( http://episteme-spacecraft.blogspot.com.tr/2010/09/gelismeler.html) I was also there when important scientific forum sites opened up the same entry with admin approval, and when Journal of Cosmology editors replied back to me. And since it is happening again, I decided to clarify a few things.

I may not be a scientist but I am an independent researcher well versed in philosophy and arts and I am genuinely curious about science. What is more I have an idea about science that may well be scientific. The first thing I did from day one has been to try to bash the idea to figure out why it would not work. As time went on and I started some detailed conversations with scientists in their respective fields such as statisticians, biologists, mathematicians and philosophers and the idea developed further as the core of it stayed intact. Some of you may be sceptical as to whether I have a hidden agenda here; a conspiracy or an unexpressed anti science sentiment well I do not. I am against the determinism of both philosophy of science and that of religion, I am an artist and I am an anti-fascist and that is about it. I do think that there is such a thing called life and that modern explanations that contest this such as scientific determinists are still lagging behind those of Lucretius’s On the Nature of the Universe written in 1st century BC. I am very findable as to who I am and what I do and for those who are interested I even have a detailed CV on Linked-in.

I also run a Facebook page with many related links to my idea and I would like to run you through a few important ones and come to my founding premises of my argument.

So let’s look at what is science up to these days going from micro to macro;
1)      Thermodynamic constraints and cell efficiency
What is the theoretical threshold for how much heat a living cell must generate to fulfill its thermodynamic constraints? And how closely do cells approach that limit?
In a recent paper in the Journal of Chemical Physics, MIT physicist Jeremy England mathematically modeled the replication of E. coli bacteria and found that the process is nearly as efficient as possible: E. coli produce at most only about six times more heat than they need to meet the constraints of the second law of thermodynamics.
2)      A dream of a synthetic biologist
His plan is simple: fill up the can with sawdust, add some “programmed wood fungus,” as he calls it, and leave.
“I come back a week later, and I shake out all the extra loose sawdust and spent materials, and out comes my new laptop,” he says.
3)      The dream of Barcode of Life Project
‘STAR TREK’S TRICORDER’ COMING TO REALITY
In the early 1960s, World War II veteran Gene Roddenberry brought to the air a now famous science fiction drama, Star Trek, in which a handheld ‘tricorder’ device was used to scan and identify alien life forms (www.startrek.com). Four decades later, the first international conference on ‘Barcoding Life’ was held at the Natural History Museum in London (UK), attended by over 200 participants from about 50 countries, and a portable DNA sequencing device to identify all life was claimed to now be within reach (Marshall 2005). Of course, the London conference had nothing to do with Star Trek, but there is a parallel many of us will make. Will we indeed build a DNAbased identifier the size of a mobile phone? How will this new technology be useful in biology, is it truly revolutionary and what does the DNA barcoding approach entail?
Towards writing the encyclopaedia of life:
an introduction to DNA barcoding
Vincent Savolainen1,*, Robyn S. Cowan1, Alfried P. Vogler2,3,
George K. Roderick4 and Richard Lane2
4)      Harvard University researches successfully transformed a 53,426-word book into DNA
Digital information is accumulating at an astounding rate, straining our ability to store and archive it. DNA is among the most dense and stable information media known. The development of new technologies in both DNA synthesis and sequencing make DNA an increasingly feasible digital storage medium. We developed a strategy to encode arbitrary digital information in DNA, wrote a 5.27-megabit book using DNA microchips, and read the book by using next-generation DNA sequencing.
Published Online August 16 2012
Science 28 September 2012:
Vol. 337 no. 6102 p. 1628
DOI: 10.1126/science.1226355
BREVIA
Next-Generation Digital Information Storage in DNA
George M. Church1,2, Yuan Gao3, Sriram Kosuri1,2,*
5)      DNA imaged with electron microscope for the first time
Now an electron microscope has captured the famous Watson-Crick double helix in all its glory, by imaging threads of DNA resting on a silicon bed of nails. The technique will let researchers see how proteins, RNA and other biomolecules interact with DNA.
6)      Researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have been able, for the first time, to watch viruses infecting individual bacteria by transferring their DNA, and to measure the rate at which that transfer occurs. http://www.caltech.edu/article/13525#sthash.Fgtmza48.dpuf
7)      Genetic mugshot recreates faces from nothing but DNA
Also see;

8)      Brain waves to text;
…the world's first 'telepathic typewriter' - a device that literally allows users to 'make a mental note'.
Experts say the invention of no-touch typing could revolutionise office life for millions and give paralysed people the chance to communicate easily again.
A prototype being developed at Germany's cutting-edge Fraunhofer Institute uses brain sensors to detect what a user wants to write.
9)      Training algorithms to reconstruct speech from brain waves;
Pasley's team were able to correlate many of these aspects of speech to the neural activity happening at the same time. They then trained an algorithm to interpret the neural activity and create a spectrogram from it (see diagram). This is a graphical representation of sound that plots how much of what frequency is occurring over a period of time. They tested the algorithm by comparing spectrograms reconstructed solely from neural activity with a spectrogram created from the original sound.
10)   To determine what acoustic information in speech sounds can be reconstructed from population neural activity
"How the human auditory system extracts perceptually relevant acoustic features of speech is unknown. To address this question, we used intracranial recordings from nonprimary auditory cortex in the human superior temporal gyrus to determine what acoustic information in speech sounds can be reconstructed from population neural activity.
11)   Using satellite images to detect cellular organisms
Carder’s research team is using data from NASA’s space-based SeaWiFS (Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor) and MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) instruments to detect harmful algal blooms. The satellite images provide data on ocean color (based on light intensities) and chlorophyll content.
12)   Notes to music
Japan-based musical instrument maker Kawai has developed a camera app that scans music notes printed on paper and plays them back in real-time. Dubbed Gakufu Camera [JP], the app is said to be the first of its kind.
http://techcrunch.com/2011/08/01/ios-app-scans-printed-music-notes-plays-them-in-real-time-video/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+Techcrunch+%28TechCrunch%29
13)   Image to sound
When sound hits an object, it causes small vibrations of the object’s surface. We show how, using only high-speed video of the object, we can extract those minute vibrations and partially recover the sound that produced them, allowing us to turn everyday objects—a glass of water, a potted plant, a box of tissues, or a bag of chips—into visual microphones. We recover sounds from highspeed footage of a variety of objects with different properties, and use both real and simulated data to examine some of the factors that affect our ability to visually recover sound. We evaluate the quality of recovered sounds using intelligibility and SNR metrics and provide input and recovered audio samples for direct comparison. We also explore how to leverage the rolling shutter in regular consumer cameras to recover audio from standard frame-rate videos, and use the spatial resolution of our method to visualize how sound-related vibrations vary over an object’s surface, which we can use to recover the vibration modes of an object.

My argument
The idea is that we could take the image, sound and electrical data of a living organism and correlate it with its DNA and form a database with as many species as possible and in turn when looking at a new organism (even an alien organism) we could program that database to produce a DNA from just the sound and electrical data.
The scientific experiments I propose go from micro to macro. For the first test, we just need data already collected, a little computational power and a statistician who is versed in biological data for. I propose we place the following data of one thousand one types of bacteria living in symbiosis in a database: microscopic photo, electrical resistance graph and the raw DNA sequence data.

The premise
This data will be converted to binary and placed in a database; here we are proposing a unity of the data of the biological unit as well as a relation of all the data of this unit to all other units through symbiosis. 

When we introduce the 1001th bacteria to the database we only provide the image and the electrical resistance graph data and employ statistical algorithms to guess the raw DNA sequence.
We could employ modern statistical methods for this guess or as we already have the 1001th bacteria’s DNA sequence we could also program the guessing algorithm for an exact match and introduce a 1002nd bacteria.
The point is that the difference between the guessed data and the actual data will give us a standard deviation for a 1000 types of bacteria living in symbiosis. The first exciting result of this is the fact that the process can be reversed, ie. you can give the DNA of any type of bacteria which is in symbiosis and ask for an electrical graph or photo. The second result is that the difference of the the guessed DNA and the actual measured DNA will give us a standard deviation for 1000 types of bacteria living in symbiosis, this is a kind of a biological Pi number.
The logic is that the more you add to the database system and form other database systems of different kinds of symbiosis the standard deviation will always get better at guessing with a chance of infinite perfection.
Microscope photos, electrical impulses and the DNA sequence should all be measured by the same machinery for all different types of bacteria; i.e. the same microscope, the same electrical resistance measure, and the same torrent machine. Image, electrical graph and DNA could very well be accompanied by cell sounds (A. E. Pelling, S.Sehati, E. B. Gralla, J. S. Valentine, and J. K. Gimzewski, “Local Nanomechanical Motion of the Cell Wall of Saccharomyces cerevisiae," Science, 305, 1147-1150 (2004))


16 Kasım 2013 Cumartesi

An Inroductive Summary


Episteme Spacecraft

Episteme;
I would define the episteme retrospectively as the strategic apparatus which permits of separating out from among all the statements which are possible those that will be acceptable within, I won’t say a scientific theory, but a field of scientificity, and which it is possible to say are true or false. The episteme is the ‘apparatus’ which makes possible the separation, not of the true from the false, but of what may from what may not be characterized as scientific.” (Foucault, Michel (1980), Power/Knowledge, p. 197.)

Spacecraft;
Bill Cosby during a stand-up show says the following;
-Build me an Ark!
-What is an ark?


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electromagnetic_spectrum
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_spectrum

Episteme Spacecraft is a radical new way of understanding weak interaction. It is primarily a biology based matrix, and a diagnosis technique with a great potential for understanding life, gravity, energy and AI. The whole premises of the idea is based on Symbiosis. I propose three tests that will increase our understanding and technological capacity exponentially.

The idea is that we could take the visual, sound and electrical data of a living organism (what I call life specific traits) and correlate it with its DNA and form a database with as many species as possible and in turn when looking at a new organism we could program that database to produce a guessed DNA from just the visual, sound and electrical data.

The First Test: take microscope photos, measure the electrical impulses and get the DNA sequence of 1000 types of bacteria living in symbiosis. When you measure the 1001th type of bacteria living in symbiosis for image and electrical impulse, using a statistical algorithm the correlation data of the 1000 types of bacteria would give you a guessed DNA sequence for the 1001th type of bacteria. There are different algorithmic solutions you can use or find, such as neuronal systems. Since we will also have measured the DNA sequence of 1001th bacteria one can develop an algorithm to produce it exactly. Then the idea is to get the database system to guess the 1002nd type of bacteria's DNA (that is also within the symbiosis)  from just the image and electrical data as a given.

The first exciting result of this is the fact that the process can be reversed, ie. you can give the DNA of any type of bacteria which is in symbiosis and ask for an electrical graph or photo. The second result is that the difference of the the guessed DNA and the actual measured DNA will give us a standard deviation for 1000 types of bacteria living in symbiosis, this is a kind of a biological Pi number. The logic is that the more you add to the database system and form other database systems of different kinds of symbiosis the standard deviation will always get better at guessing with a chance of infinite perfection.
Microscope photos, electrical impulses and the DNA sequence should all be measured by the same machinery for all different types of bacteria; i.e. the same microscope, the same electrical resistance measure, and the same torrent machine. Image, electrical graph and DNA could very well be accompanied by cell sounds (A. E. Pelling, S.Sehati, E. B. Gralla, J. S. Valentine, and J. K. Gimzewski, “Local Nanomechanical Motion of the Cell Wall of Saccharomyces cerevisiae," Science, 305, 1147-1150 (2004))

Second test; As the ultimate symbiosis, Earth emits visual, sound and electricity data. Looking for life specific traits of visual, electrical activity and of sound within the Earth's image data, electrical activity data and sound activity data;
1)As location - the possibility margins of existence within the data of a point in time
2)As algorithm - the location of existence within the data of a flow in time
Here the The Approximation forms the basis of the assumption of the correlation of 1)visual data, 2)electrical activity data, 3)sound activity data, 4)DNA sequence data for “Every Species”. Obviously this may not be immediately possible but we could work with what we have and add on the data for a better result.
The general life possible frequency isolation and its conversion by approximation to DNA sequence data (the DNA of Earth) could be decoded and solved as a code with a universal intelligence quality. Here we could arrive at a universal Artificial Intelligence as well as detect and isolate algorithms that govern mass variables.

Third Test;
Standard deviation for a specific planet
Looking for life specific traits as individual signals and algorithms within the immediately observable signals of planets we could not only figure out if there is a possibility of life there, we would also have a way to convert these life specific signals to DNA using the database we have. This DNA could be what we could find there, and if we were to actually go there and find life, the difference of the DNA of that life form would give us the standard deviation for that specific planet or satellite. For example the recent findings of water on the Moon could suggest that there could be microscopic life there, and using the image, sound, electrical data of the Moon and applying the way we isolate life specific data on Earth directly (since Earth is the only place we know that is thriving with life the logic of the process of isolation is self explanatory) to reduce and focus the data we could not only guess what possible DNA there may be but also where it is located. If we were to go to that specific location and find life there the difference of the DNA we find from the guessed DNA would give us the standard deviation for the Moon.

Symbiosis;
Firstly, the symbiosis of life's frequencies (visual, sound, electric and DNA data might be mutually exclusive but when one considers that they are from the same organism, their relation and hence their correlation is inevitable)
Secondly the symbiosis of species. What is more they actually all live in the same place; Earth. Then we can even talk of symbiosis infinitely; Symbiosis of planets and satellites, symbiosis of of solar systems, symbiosis of galaxies, symbiosis of Super-clusters, and even universal symbiosis. Anywhere where there is light, we could find corresponding DNA. We could arrive at not only at what is environmentally sustainable, but also what could sustain us throughout the universe.

31 Mart 2011 Perşembe

A REPLY FROM THE EDITORS AT JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY

 kimden Editor@journalofcosmology.com

kime alphanvardarli@gmail.com
tarih 06 Mart 2011 22:06
konu Re: Feedback Form Results
gönderen journalofcosmology.com



ayrıntıları gizle 22:06 (1 saat önce)


 You have interesting, thought provoking ideas. As to using sound, this reminds us of Pythagoras and his idea of musical strings, which is related to the golden triangle.


From: alphanvardarli@gmail.com
To: Comment@Cosmology.com
Sent: 6 Mar 2011 19:58:17 -0000
Subject: Feedback Form Results

> Dear Sir/Madam,
> I am a philosopher and an artist from Ýstanbul, Turkey.I am a graduate of Politics and International Relations from University of Kent in the U.K. and Philosophy and Cultural Analysis M.A. from University of Amsterdam. I have an idea about science that raises many questions for me. I would be very happy if you can criticise my idea even with a few sentences. The idea is that we could take the sound and electrical data of a living organism and correlate it with its DNA and form a database with as many species as possible and in turn when looking at a new organism(even an alien organism) we could program that database to produce a DNA from just the sound and electrical data.Without elaborating further I want to give you the idea for a first test: take the electrical impulses and natural sounds and dna sequence of 1000 types of bacteria. When you test a different type for sound and electrical impulse, the correlation data of the 1000 types of bacteria would give you a DNA sequence.
> Testing a 1001th bacteria for electric impulse and sound for actually producing a one to one match DNA could be though the other way around too; you already have the DNA of the 1001th bacteria so one could write an algorithm,  (ask for one so to speak)to produce this DNA with only the sound and electricity data as a given; asking for the unique electrical and sound graphs could follow. This can be almost infinitely perfected,; each one of the 1001 bacteria\'s triple data could be accepted as an unknown.
> If you would like to read on and I really wish that you do, please check my blog;http://episteme-spacecraft.blogspot.com/
> With Kind Regards,
> Alphan Vardarlý

14 Eylül 2010 Salı

Gelişmeler

I have opened the topic "How to make spacecraft" in three respectable space science oriented web sites with the following text;
"I have been working on a project with the purpose to figure out life specific traits of Earth's gravity within the data already in our hands. I have assumed to this end the correlation of the electrical impulse data, the sound data and the genetic information of as many species as possible and firstly finding the combined datas of electrical impulses and sounds of life within the electrical and sound data obtained from the Earth. Once we are able to establish how the data of life correlates with the overall data from the Earth we could for example take these measurements from the moon and look for traits of life within the data. And what is more if we were to find life specific traits in that data we could convert the data to possible combinations of DNA likely to exist on the moon. The correlation of the electrical impulse data, the sound data and the genetic information of as many species as possible on Earth would give one an algorithm to produce possible combinations of DNA for a given electrical impulse and sound combination.
It is important for me if you could read my project. 
http://episteme-spacecraft.blogspot.com/
Thank you for your time. "


http://spacefellowship.com/Forum/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=11920
http://www.space-talk.com/ForumE/forumdisplay.php3?forumid=30
http://forum.nasaspaceflight.com/index.php?board=1.0
However after over 80 reads the NASA site has banned me, with the following e-mail;
Kimden: NASASpaceFlight.com Forum <webmaster@nasaspaceflight.com>
Konu: Topic removed: how to make spacecraft
Kime: @yahoo.com
Tarihi: 14 Eylül 2010 Salı, 16:57


A topic you are watching has been removed by Chris Bergin.

Regards,
The NASASpaceFlight.com Forum Team.

This is the screen image when I try and open the NASA forums site;